Are you in financial distress because of your mortgage? Do you need to get out from under a payment that has become too hard to manage – but think you can’t sell your house because it si no longer worth enough to cover the mortgage balance??
If so, YOU ARE NOT ALONE. Millions of other Americans are in that leaky boat with you, and there’s no easy way out. But you do have choices, and you should take a look at all of them before deciding what to do.
- Hope for a loan modification
- Ask for forbearance
- File bankruptcy
- Let the bank foreclose
- Attempt a short sale.
A loan modification sounds the best, but the rules the banks are playing by are both confusing and conflicting. Some say you must not be behind on payments. Others say they won’t consider helping you unless you’re in default.
And some asset managers, sadly, are working hard not to modify loans because it’s more profitable for them to foreclose.
It certainly can’t hurt to contact your lender and see if you are eligible, but please don’t fall for any of the scams that are circulating right now. There are far too many dishonest people willing to collect anywhere from a few hundred to a few thousand dollars from you on the promise of getting your loan modified. In truth, they can’t and won’t do anything you can’t do yourself. If you want help, contact an attorney you trust.
If your problems stem from unemployment, you can ask for forbearance.
Under a law effective August 1, 2011, banks servicing FHA loans can extend forbearance for 12 months.
Also, as of March 1, 2012, mortgage loan servicers handling Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac backed loans will be able to offer forbearance to unemployed borrowers for up to six months without prior approval. This can be extended for an additional six months with approval.
During the forbearance period you may be required to make minimal payments, and the unpaid payments and interest will still be due later, but the bank cannot impose late fees or fines, and cannot start foreclosure. This law may be extended to conventional loans, so do check with your lender.
Another bit of good news about forbearance is that you are allowed to offer your house for sale during this time. This, combined with a sale or a short sale, could provide the relief you need to get back on strong financial footing.
Bankruptcy has helped some consumers. The courts now have the authority to let you keep your home and either forgive a portion of your debt or modify the terms so you can make the payments. If you’re also buried in medical bills, credit card debt, or other obligations you simply can’t meet, this might be the best solution.
But… bankruptcy stays on your credit report for 10 years and could keep you from moving forward in life. In addition, it places some restrictions on your life that you might find very unpleasant. It might not be the best choice for you.
Foreclosure is another option. You can simply quit making the payments and stay there until they knock on the door and tell you the bank now owns your home. For some, this is a chance to live rent and payment free for several months and put away some money for a deposit on a rental home. But again – the effect on your credit rating is dire.
In addition, you run the risk of a huge financial obligation that will follow you around forever. When the bank sells your house at a loss because the market has fallen, they might be able to come back on you to make up the “deficiency” between your mortgage balance and the dollars they collected from the sale of the house.
Creditors can continue trying to collect on a deficiency judgment for 20 years, so this isn’t something to take lightly. This is another area where the rules keep changing, so check this before you act.
If done correctly, a Short Sale could be the best option for you. You list and sell the house for the current fair market value and walk away with no money, but a fresh start. At least, that’s what will happen if you list the house with an agent who is experienced in handling successful short sales.
The truth is, your lender can also come back to you for a deficiency in a short sale. It’s one of those details that must be negotiated with the asset manager and the lender before you sign the closing papers.
Unfortunately, many real estate agents today are listing short sale properties without knowing how to conduct the necessary negotiations, and their sellers are paying the price for that lack of knowledge.
All too often, listings that begin as short sales end up going into foreclosure.
Why? Again – because the agent lacked experience and knowledge.
Success in a short sale relies on 3 primary areas of expertise, and before you list with any agent you need to know that he or she is skilled in all three areas. Otherwise, you could end up in foreclosure despite your best efforts.
To learn the 3 secrets to short sale success, simply call me at 703-850-4330, write me at firstname.lastname@example.org or go to http://www.dcandvirginiaproperties.com/sell/ and fill in the form on that page. (I promise, you won’t receive high-pressure messages and I won’t share your address with anyone.)